What Do Estate Planning Attorneys Do Exactly?

In the realm of legal practice, will, trust, and estate planning attorneys hold a unique position. Their work focuses on the future, preparing individuals and families for the eventual transfer of assets and decision-making authority in the event of death or incapacitation. This specialization is distinct from other areas of law due to its proactive approach to safeguarding an individual’s legacy, ensuring their wishes are honored, and facilitating a smooth transition of their assets to the next generation. In this article, we delve into the responsibilities of these attorneys and how their practice stands apart from other legal fields.

The Role of Will, Trust, and Estate Planning Attorneys

Will, trust, and estate planning attorneys guide clients through the complex process of asset management, distribution after death, and planning for potential incapacity. Their primary responsibilities include:

Drafting Wills

A will is a legal document that outlines how an individual’s assets should be distributed upon their death. Estate planning attorneys assist in drafting these documents, ensuring they are legally valid and reflect the client’s wishes accurately. Wills can also appoint guardians for minor children, specifying the client’s choice for who should take care of their children if they cannot.

Establishing Trusts

Trusts are legal arrangements that allow a third party, or trustee, to hold assets on behalf of a beneficiary. Trusts can be used for various purposes, such as avoiding probate, protecting assets from creditors, managing assets for minor children, or providing for a family member with special needs. Estate planning attorneys help clients choose the right type of trust for their goals and draft the necessary legal documents.

Planning for Incapacity

Estate planning is not only about death; it also involves making arrangements for a client’s potential incapacity. Attorneys in this field help clients draft powers of attorney and healthcare directives, legal documents that appoint someone to make financial, legal, and medical decisions on the client’s behalf if they are unable to do so themselves.

Advising on Tax Implications

Estate, gift, and income tax implications play a significant role in how assets are managed and distributed. Estate planning attorneys provide advice on how to minimize taxes and ensure that the transfer of assets is done in a tax-efficient manner.

How Estate Planning Differs from Other Types of Law

Focus on the Future

Unlike many legal fields that deal with disputes or issues after they have arisen, estate planning is inherently forward-looking. It involves preparing for events that have not yet occurred, to prevent disputes, minimizing taxes, and avoiding legal complications for the client’s heirs.

Personal and Family Dynamics

Estate planning is deeply personal, often involving detailed discussions about family relationships, personal values, and sensitive financial information. Attorneys in this field must possess not only legal acumen but also a high degree of empathy and the ability to navigate complex family dynamics.

Multidisciplinary Approach

The practice of estate planning intersects with various areas of law, including tax law, family law, and real estate law, among others. Estate planning attorneys must have a broad knowledge base and the ability to coordinate with professionals in other fields, such as accountants and financial advisors, to provide comprehensive advice to their clients.

Continuous Relationship

Establishing an estate plan is not a one-time transaction. Laws change, as do personal circumstances. Estate planning attorneys often maintain long-term relationships with their clients, updating estate plans as necessary to reflect changes in the law, the client’s financial situation, or their wishes.

Example Scenarios

Scenario 1: A Comprehensive Estate Plan

John, a widower with three adult children, consults an estate planning attorney to ensure his assets are distributed according to his wishes. The attorney helps John draft a will, establish a trust for his grandchildren’s education, and create healthcare directives and powers of attorney. This comprehensive estate plan provides peace of mind for John and his family, knowing that his wishes will be honored and his assets protected for future generations.

Scenario 2: Avoiding Probate and Minimizing Taxes

Emily, a retired business owner, seeks to pass her estate to her children without the lengthy and expensive probate process. Her estate planning attorney advises her to place her assets in a revocable living trust, which allows for the direct transfer of assets upon her death, bypassing probate. Additionally, the attorney implements strategies to minimize estate taxes, preserving more of her wealth for her heirs.


Will, trust, and estate planning attorneys play a pivotal role in helping individuals manage their assets, plan for the future, and ensure their legacy is passed on according to their wishes. This specialization’s forward-looking nature, combined with its focus on personal and family dynamics, sets it apart from other areas of legal practice. By providing expert advice and crafting tailored legal documents, these attorneys help clients navigate the complexities of estate planning, offering peace of mind and security for the future.

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